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Install VMWare 16, Ubuntu 20, Java 8 on Windows

Install Ubuntu 20, VMWare 16, And Java 8 on Windows:

This article explains how to install Ubuntu 20, Virtual Machine 16, and Java 8 on your Windows system. It’s important to know the basic knowledge of Linux commands.

Prerequisites:

  1. Minimum System Requirement:

  • I5 Processor
  • Minimum 8GB RAM
  • Minimum 80 GB HDD or Min 128 GB SSD
  1. Enable Virtualization:

Check whether your Virtualization is enabled or not. If not, then go to your BIOS setting and you will see the option as below:

  1. Download the softwares from the below links:

    1. VMWare Workstation 16 (Windows) click here 
    1. Ubuntu 20 iso file and save it to a directory (D:\Softwares) click here
    1. Java 8 click here
    1. IntelliJ click here
    1. Eclipse click here

Now, after you have downloaded all the required softwares, the next thing is to install it.

  1. Steps:

  • Install VMWare Workstation. watch this video on how to install VMWare
  • Download the Ubuntu iso file from the above link, we are going to use this file in our virtual machine.
  • Now, Launch and Create a New Virtual Machine, and browse the Ubuntu iso file. provide the credentials and you are done.
  • Once you have completed the previous step, the first thing you should do is to check the software updater and click install now. This will ask to reboot the system.
  • After rebooting, check if you can access the internet from Ubuntu or not. If not then try changing the network connection from Bridge to NAT.
  • Now, the second thing you should check is copy-paste from Windows to Linux.
  • Perform the below two commands to update the currently installed packages to the latest version:
    Press CTRL+ALT+T to Launch a Terminal.
    
    $sudo apt-get -y update (immediately update)
    $sudo apt-get -y upgrade (takes some time)
    $sudo apt-get update

    If you get the below error, then it is possible that another installation is still in progress. Please wait till it’s completed or restart your machine.

    E: Could not get lock /var/lib/apt/lists/lock. It is held by process 7942 (aptd) – open (11: Resource temporarily unavailable)

    N: Be aware that removing the lock file is not a solution and may break your system.

    E: Unable to lock directory /var/lib/apt/lists/

  • Install vim tool 
    $sudo apt-get install vim

     

  1. Install Java on Ubuntu:

  • Download Java 1.8 from this link
  • Copy it to a location (/usr/local/java)
    $sudo mkdir /usr/local/java
    $sudo chmod 777 /usr/local/java
    $ sudo cp ~/Desktop/jdk-8u301-linux-x64.tar.gz /usr/local/java -- (copy file to Java folder)
  • Now, extract it using the below commands:
    $ cd /usr/local/java
    $ sudo tar xvzf  jdk-8u301-linux-x64.tar.gz
    $ sudo ln -s  jdk1.8.0_301  jdk  --- (creating alias name)
  • Once it is extracted, delete the tar.gz file
    $ sudo rm  jdk-8u301-linux-x64.tar.gz
  • Now, edit the system Path file /etc/profile and add the below lines:
    $ sudo vim /etc/profile	(open the file)
    Provide your password.
    #Press esc : $  , Press enter to go to the last line.
    Then press i to get into insert mode and go down
    
    
    JAVA_HOME=/usr/local/java/jdk
    JRE_HOME=$JAVA_HOME/jre
    PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin:$JRE_HOME/bin
    export JAVA_HOME
    export JRE_HOME
    export PATH 
  • Let your Ubuntu system know the location of Java JDK.
    $sudo update-alternatives --install "/usr/bin/java" "java" "/usr/local/java/jdk/bin/java" 1
    update-alternatives: using /usr/local/java/jdk-14/bin/java to provide /usr/bin/java (java) in auto mode
    $sudo update-alternatives --install "/usr/bin/javac" "javac" "/usr/local/java/jdk/bin/javac" 1
    update-alternatives: using /usr/local/java/jdk-14/bin/javac to provide /usr/bin/javac (javac) in auto mode
    
  • Let your Ubuntu system know that the above is the default Java JDK
    $sudo update-alternatives --set java /usr/local/java/jdk/bin/java
    $sudo update-alternatives --set javac /usr/local/java/jdk/bin/javac
    
  • Now, Reload the etc/profile by using the below command
    $  .   /etc/profile
  • Once you refresh/reload the profile check Java is working well or not with the below command
    sumeet@ubuntu:~$ java -version
watch this video for more detail
Published By : Sumeet Vishwakarma
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.

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